Cervical Spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear in the cervical spine. It is a common spinal problem seen nowadays. Though degeneration of cervical vertebrae is mostly seen in elderly people, its prevalence is increasing in early or middle age also. Continuous sitting or standing posture, working on computers for a long time, and lack of exercise are some of the causes of this disease.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Straining neck related to the occupation (painters, flooring installers, working with a computer, etc.)
  • Neck injury
  • Heavy liftingn
  • Overweight


  • Degenerations: With time, the disc becomes thinner and soft tissue has less elasticity.
  • Bone Spurs: These are overgrowths of the vertebral bones which also happen with age. These outgrowths may compress the nerves arising from that particular segment thus leading to neck pain.
  • Herniation of Intervertebral discs: A disc that is already dehydrated is easily prone to develop tears, leading to protrusion of the central soft jelly-like material and this condition is called a Herniated disc or Slipped disc. This is often the cause of neck pain that also radiated to the hands, the skull, the shoulder, or the chest.
  • External Trauma: Mild repeated trauma is a cause of neck pain by weakening the intervertebral disc leading to its herniation over a period of time.
  • Stress: In cases where all investigations turn out to be negative it is seen that stress is the main cause for degenerative changes.
  • Inactivity: Activity is absolutely essential for maintaining the strength of tissues and prolonged inactivity leads to degradation of the tissues. This is very significant in the case of the spine as well.

Symptoms of Cervical Spondylosis

  • Neck Pain or stiffness: The main symptom of Cervical Spondylosis is pain radiating to the shoulders or arms. The pain may increase when you move your neck.
  • Muscle Spasms: Limited movement of the neck.
  • Headache: that occurs usually at the back of the head particularly seen after traveling or having the neck in an uncomfortable posture for long periods.
  • Altered Sensation: Tingling sensation or numbness at the nape of the neck which may radiate to the upper limbs is also produced by the nerves getting compressed.

Ayurvedic View


Cervical Spondylosis can be compared with Manyasthambam which is caused by Diva Swapna (sleeping during daytime), using pillows inappropriately during sleeping, and constant gazing in the upward direction, leading to the vitiation of Vata and Kapha dosha. There is degeneration of intervertebral disc and lubrication function of Sleshaka Kapha is affected which results in compression, irritation, or inflammation in Greeva Pradesha resulting in pain. The ayurvedic treatment for cervical spondylosis will be decided after confirming the root cause, condition of the patient, and severity of the disease.

At Samwarthika Ayurveda Hospital, the treatment for Cervical Spondylosis includes internal medicines, and external applications for mild cases and Ayurveda Panchakarma therapies in severe cases. Diet and lifestyle modifications are also suggested. Panchakarma therapies for treating Cervical Spondylosis include Nasyam, Abhyanga Swedam, Podi Kizhi, Elakizhi, Nasyam, Shirovasti, Shirodhara, Sarvangadhara, Greeva Vasthi (which is both Snehana and Swedana), Greeva Pichu, Thaila Dhara Njavara, Mamsa Kizhi, and Vasthi which usually done based on the presentation and severity of the disease.