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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition that usually develops gradually, over several years, due to wear and tear of joints and affects several different joints. Due to gradual erosion, ligaments face stretching that initiates the pain. Females are more prone to this than males especially after menopause Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disorder of multifactorial etiology, characterized by loss of articular cartilage and periarticular bone remodeling. It involves the entire joint including the nearby muscles, underlying bone, ligaments, synovium, and capsule.

Risk factors

  • Age – Usually starts from the late 40s onwards
  • Sex – females having more chance to be affected.
  • Trauma – Direct or indirect injuries to the articular cartilage leading to its degeneration. Fractures of different bones, especially of weight-bearing.
  • Abnormal posture, abnormal walking styles, and unequal length of the leg will exert stress and strain over the joints
  • Diseases like Hyperparathyroidism, Diabetes mellitus, etc. also may lead to osteoarthritis
  • Obesity

Signs

  • Swelling: Localised soft tissue swelling of mild degree. It is due to the changes in articular ends
  • Crepitus: Rubbing sound or feeling on joint movement is called crepitus.
  • Local rise of temperature
  • Muscle atrophy: Weakness of local muscles is atrophy which may be due to disuse or due to reflex inhibition of muscle contraction

Pathology of Osteoarthritis

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The changes mainly occur in cartilages, adjacent bones, and synovium. The changes are most marked in the weight-bearing regions of articular cartilages. When a Joint develops osteoarthritis, part of the cartilage thins and the surface becomes rougher. This means the joint does not move as smoothly as it should. So the body tries to repair the damage. Extra bone called osteophytes form at the edge of the joint and it can sometimes restrict the movement. The lining of the joint capsule called synovium may thicken and produce more fluid than normal causing the joint to swell.

Osteoarthritis in Ayurveda

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Osteoarthritis can be correlated to Sandhigata Vata according to Ayurveda. Deranged Vata among the three doshas, is the main culprit behind Sandhigata Vata. Vata dosha is mainly situated in bones and joints. Aggravation of Vata in the bones and bone-marrow dries the joints and gives rise to cracking of bones & joints, piercing pain in the joints, diminution of muscle tissue & strength, causing weakness and pain.

Ayurveda offers effective and safe treatment for the prevention and cure of osteoarthritis. The ayurvedic treatment rejuvenates the damaged tissues and cartilages of the affected joints. We tailor the treatment plan by understanding the root cause of the condition along with the patient's health condition. Our line of treatment is through a combination of the important aspects; customized medicine, Panchakarma therapy, dietary advice, and lifestyle modifications.

General lines of treatment would be Snehana (oleation), Svedana (fomentation), i.e. Bhashpa Sweda, Patrapotali Sweda, Jambeera pinda Sweda, Upanaha, etc., Mridu Samshodhana (mild bio-purification), Basti (enema), Jalookavacharanam and Vatahara Aushadha (Vata pacifying medicines). Regulation of Ahara and Vihara may also be applicable in Sandhigata Vata.

At Samwarthika Ayurveda Hospital, we provide safe and effective treatments that are implemented as per individual patient conditions to recover from mild to severe osteoarthritis conditions. Along with the best medical infrastructure and medical utilities, we provide services from expert doctors and staff for all-round care and support to the patients